Geographic Distributions and Origins of Human Head Lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) Based on Mitochondrial Data. Jessica E. Light, Julie M. Allen*, Lauren. ABSTRACT Pediculosis capitis (head lice infestation) is a worldwide public health concern affecting mostly toparasite, Pediculus humanus capitis, which only. Pediculosis capitis infestation, commonly known as head lice, is the manifestation of the obligate ectoparasite, Pediculus humanus capitis, which only affects the.

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View original from e-journal. The scalp was examined for 3—5 minutes with the naked eye, sometimes with the use of a hand lens and a fine-toothed comb. Head lice infestation in school children of a low socio-economic area of Tabriz City, Iran. We would like to thank the nurses who helped in the examination and education of the children.

The prevalence of lice infestation was very high among those children with long hair as it is more difficult to comb and keep clean it in comparison with short hair. The most significant difference between body and head lice is the distinct ability of body lice to transmit the bacterial diseases trench fever, relapsing fever, and epidemic typhus to humans.

Journal of Medical Entomology, Prognosis The prognosis for the eradication of body lice infestation is very good if patients are provided with regular access to showering and at least weekly access to laundered clothing and bedding. Please review our privacy policy. Heukelbach J, Feldmeier H.

Hukanus overall prevalence of pediculosis capitis among the schoolchildren was Korean Journal of Parasitology, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. Furthermore, the degree of close contact with friends and family at this hunanus might affect the infestation rate and this contact may decrease as children get older. Collaboration with the Ministry of Education as well as municipalities to share resources and implement these programmes to increase awareness and educate teachers, parents and the children themselves on the importance of good standards of personal hygiene could significantly reduce the prevalence of pediculosis in this area.


The Importance of Hair and Scalp Hygiene for Pediculus Humanus Capitis Epidemic Prevention

Affilations 1 Campbell Univ. Another conducted in northern Jordan reported a prevalence of Pediculus capitis infestation according to sex and social factors in Argentina.

Acta Parasitologica Turcica, History and Physical Historical clues such as poor body hygiene, lack of access to clean clothing, homelessness, and residing in crowded, unsanitary conditions should prompt consideration for body louse infestation and louse-borne infections The primary symptom of body lice infestations is severe pruritus. Keywords anxiety attitude behavior blood glucose caregiver cervical cancer depression diabetes mellitus elderly family health belief model knowledge knowledge management motivation nurses nutritional status peer group support quality of life schizophrenia self-efficacy stress.

Authors Jim Powers 1 ; Talel Badri 2. The dermatologic findings in body lice infestation vary but include areas of pyoderma, erythematous macules, wheals, and hemorrhagic puncta. In addition, a person can acquire the infection if they rub their eye or put their fingers in their mouth after crushing the louse.

The Importance of Hair and Scalp Hygiene for Pediculus Humanus Capitis Epidemic Prevention – Neliti

Unlike trench fever and epidemic typhus, transmission of relapsing fever, caused by Borrelia recurrentisdoes not occur through contaminated feces. Discussion The prevalence of infestation with Pediculus humanus capitis in our study was School of Osteopathic Med. A PCR assay has been developed to differentiate between head and body lice but is primarily used for research purposes rather than to support clinical decision-making.


This may be because children from larger families with less income may not be able to pay attention to hair care and have a higher risk of the parasite being transmitted by their siblings [24]. The prognosis for the eradication of body lice infestation is very good if patients are provided with regular access to showering and at least weekly access to laundered clothing and bedding.

Turn recording back on. Other infectious diseases that may present with similar manifestations include babesiosis, brucellosis, Q fever, typhoid fever, leptospirosis, ehrlichiosis, and tularemia. Al-Saeed WY et al.

Cspitis Journal Medicine Science ; 42 Sup. Moreover, girls often exchange their head scarf with each other which may increase the chances of cross-infestation.

Journal of Paediatric and Child Health,40 Acta Parasitologica Turcica,3: Furthermore, the surveys were conducted around 10 years before our study, during different seasons and in different governorates with different socioeconomic status and lifestyles. In some settings, such as refugee camps with large numbers of people, environmental application of chemical insecticides may be needed to prevent the spread of body lice and louse-borne infections.

Saudi Medical Journal, This is the first community-based study humanue the prevalence of pediculosis in Mafraq Governorate, which shows a high prevalence of lice infestation which can be explained by the above-mentioned factors. Body lice infestations can involve thousands of mites, each biting an average of 5 times per day.

Lindane is not recommended for first-line treatment due to a number of potentially serious reactions including neurotoxicity and seizures.