It has been suggested that this article be merged with Banu Umayya. (Discuss) Proposed since December The Umayyad dynasty was the first hereditary dynasty in the history of Islam, and the only one to rule over the entire Islamic world of its time. The family took its name from Umayya ibn Abd Shams. After a brief golden era, the Caliphate of Córdoba disintegrated into several. This is a list of people who have held the title of Caliph, the supreme religious and political Banu Adi. 3, Rashidun Caliph Uthman ibn Affan – عثمان بن عفان ثالث الخلفاء “Sufyanids”) to those of Hakam (the “Marwanids”), both of whom were grandsons of Umayya (for whom the Umayyad dynasty is named). This volume covers the Caliphate of Bani Umayyah starting from the rule of Mu’ awiyah bin Abi Sufyan in the 41st year of Hijrah up to the rule of Caliph Marwan.

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Son of ‘ Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. Open Preview See a Problem? Currently many Sunni scholars agree that Muawiyah I ‘s family, including his progenitors, Abu Sufyan ibn Harb and Hind bint Utbahwere originally opponents of Islam and particularly of Muhammad until the Conquest of Mecca.

Many Christian cities also used some of the taxes on maintain their churches and run their own organizations.

The failure of the siege marked the end of serious Arab ambitions against the Byzantine capital. The Cambridge History of Islam: In the Caucasusthe confrontation with the Khazars peaked under Hisham: Local expenses were paid for by taxes coming from that province, with the remainder each year being sent to the central government in Damascus.

On The Mountain Peak.

Umayyad dynasty | Achievements, Capital, & Facts |

This article is about the original Umayyad caliphate. The review must be at least 50 characters long. The reasons for this included tribal party spirit, superiority complex, old grudges, desire for vengeance of the murder of kinsmen, political views, personal sentiments, and differences in ways of life and manner of thinking. It was only during the reign of Abd al-Malik that government work began to be regularly recorded in Arabic.


Thus, much of the local government’s work was recorded in GreekCopticand Persian. Both areas had already been partially conquered, but remained difficult to govern. Al Saud Saudi Arabia. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.

One of the Umayyad’s first tasks was to create a stable administration for their empire. Hawting, The first dynasty of Islam: Ancient Indus Valley Civilisation. Please try again later. Syazwan marked it as to-read Feb 28, In this respect it is notable that the Umayyad caliphs referred to themselves not as khalifat rasul Allah “successor of the messenger of God”, the title preferred by the traditionbut rather as khalifat Allah “deputy of God”.

Social Ethics in Islam. Monarchy Tribal confederacy 29 tribes. These were the first coins minted by a Muslim government in history. The Byzantine and Sassanid Empires relied on money economies before the Muslim conquest, and that system remained in effect during the Umayyad period.

Book of “Peacemaking ” “.

Banu Umayya

A Victim of Terror. Al-Walid is reported to have been more interested in earthly pleasures than in religion, a reputation that may be confirmed by the decoration of the so-called “desert palaces” including Qusayr Amra and Khirbat al-Mafjar that have been attributed to him.

Who Deserve To Be Worshipped.

The Umayyad dynasty was the first hereditary dynasty in the history of Islamand the only one to rule over the entire Islamic world of its time. Descendant of Fatimahyoungest daughter of Muhammad Founder of the Fatimid dynasty.


Kings of Israel and Judah. From the 11th faliphate there was an intensive guerrilla war with the Banu Ifran. Marwan’s ascension pointed to a shift in the lineage of the Umayyad dynasty from descendants of Abu Sufyan the “Sufyanids” to those of Hakam the “Marwanids”both of whom were grandsons of Umayya for whom the Umayyad dynasty is named. Retrieved 6 July Tafsir al-Kabir, Volume Retrieved 1 August In his efforts to spread Islam he established liberties for the Mawali by abolishing the jizya tax for converts to Islam.

The Diwan of Umar, assigning annuities to all Arabs and to the Muslim soldiers of other races, underwent a change in the hands of the Umayyads. When Abbasids declared amnesty for members of the Umayyad family, eighty gathered to receive pardons, and all were massacred. He proclaimed himself a prophet. At the Battle of Bagdourathe rebels annihilated caliphqte particularly strong army dispatched by the Umayyad caliph from Syria.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Sun Behind the Cloud Publications. In Muawiyah was appointed [ by whom?

Muawiyah also oversaw military expansion in North Africa the foundation of Kairouan and in Central Asia the conquest of KabulBukharaand Samarkand. Abd al-Malik is credited with centralizing the administration of the Caliphate and with establishing Arabic as its official language. Views Read Edit View history.

A new fleet conducted a series of campaigns against Constantinople now Istanbul ; —which, while ultimately unsuccessful, offset the secular image of the state because they were directed against the Christians. He defeated Alutar and the Arab occupation force at Namangan and reinstalled Ikhshid on the throne.

Muhammad, son of Al-Hakim I.